Dynamic human-shark interaction bibliography

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Humans and sharks have been historically studied in different epistemological paradigm. However, there is a need to understand them through the paradigm of holistic interaction. In the spirit of creating a collaborative research platform, and the deep belief that this knowledge should be available to anyone that is interested. I am creating a dynamic bibliography of literature that investigates human-shark interaction from natural sciences, social sciences, and law, and other fields. Considering the lack of direct resources, I am collecting all literature that directly or indirectly investigates the interaction to create a baseline platform for human-shark researchers. By its nature, it will always be a work in progress, and I will be updating and reorganizing the list as and when I get new literature. I encourage scholars to use this resource and contact me to update any new research. 

Human Attitude towards shark

   Acuña-Marrero, D., Cruz-Modino, R. de la, Smith, A. N. H., Salinas-de-León, P., Pawley, M. D. M., & Anderson, M. J. (2018). Understanding human attitudes towards sharks to promote sustainable coexistence. Marine Policy, 91, 122–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.02.018

   Aich, R. S. (2021a). Jaws and beauty, reflections on Great White Shark demystification. Academia Letters. https://www.academia.edu/50834524/Jaws_and_beauty_reflections_on_Great_White_Shark_demystification

   Apps, K., Lloyd, D., & Dimmock, K. (2015). Scuba diving with the grey nurse shark (Carcharias taurus): An application of the theory of planned behaviour to identify divers beliefs. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 25(2), 201–211. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2430

   Bögeholz, S. (2006). Nature experience and its importance for environmental knowledge, values and action: Recent German empirical contributions. Environmental Education Research, 12(1), 65–84. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504620500526529

   Eovaldi, B., Thompson, P., Eovaldi, K., & Eovaldi, R. (2016). Shark Fears and the Media. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, 27(1), 184–185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2015.10.012

   Francis, B. (2012). Before and after “Jaws”: Changing representations of shark attacks. Great Circle: Journal of the Australian Association for Maritime History, 34(2), 44–64.

   Friedrich, L. A., Jefferson, R., & Glegg, G. (2014). Public perceptions of sharks: Gathering support for shark conservation. Marine Policy, 47, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2014.02.003

   Gibbs, L., & Warren, A. (2015). Transforming shark hazard policy: Learning from ocean-users and shark encounter in Western Australia. Marine Policy, 58, 116–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2015.04.014

   Glaus, K. B. J., Adrian-Kalchhauser, I., Piovano, S., Appleyard, S. A., Brunnschweiler, J. M., & Rico, C. (2019). Fishing for profit or food? Socio-economic drivers and fishers’ attitudes towards sharks in Fiji. Marine Policy, 100, 249–257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.11.037

   Gray, G. M. E., & Gray, C. A. (2017). Beach-User Attitudes to Shark Bite Mitigation Strategies on Coastal Beaches; Sydney, Australia. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 22(3), 282. https://doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2017.1295491

   Gray, G. M. E., & Gray, C. A. (2017). Beach-User Attitudes to Shark Bite Mitigation Strategies on Coastal Beaches; Sydney, Australia. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 22(3), 282. https://doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2017.1295491

   Huveneers, C., Meekan, M. G., Apps, K., Ferreira, L. C., Pannell, D., & Vianna, G. M. S. (2017). The economic value of shark-diving tourism in Australia. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 27(3), 665–680. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11160-017-9486-x

   Lama, R. L. de la, Puente, S. D. la, & Riveros, J. C. (2018). Attitudes and misconceptions towards sharks and shark meat consumption along the Peruvian coast. PLOS ONE, 13(8), e0202971. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0202971

   McCagh, C., Sneddon, J., & Blache, D. (2015). Killing sharks: The media’s role in public and political response to fatal human–shark interactions. Marine Policy, 62, 271–278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2015.09.016

   Mcclellan Press, K., Mandelman, J., Burgess, E., Cooke, S. J., Nguyen, V. M., & Danylchuk, A. J. (2016). Catching sharks: Recreational saltwater angler behaviours and attitudes regarding shark encounters and conservation: Saltwater angler behaviours and attitudes regarding shark encounters. Aquatic      Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 26(4), 689–702. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2581

   Neff, C. (2014). Human perceptions and attitudes towards sharks: Examining the predator policy paradox. In Sharks: Conservation, Governance and Management. London: Routledge.

   Neff, C. (2015). The Jaws Effect: How movie narratives are used to influence policy responses to shark bites in Western Australia. Australian Journal of Political Science, 50(1), 114–127. https://doi.org/10.1080/10361146.2014.989385

   Neff, C. (2019). Governing Emotion: How to Analyze Emotional Political Situations. Flaws: Shark Bites and Emotional Public Policymaking. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/39348023/Governing_Emotion_How_to_Analyze_Emotional_Political_Situations

   Neff, C. L., & Yang, J. Y. H. (2013). Shark bites and public attitudes: Policy implications from the first before and after shark bite survey. Marine Policy, 38, 545–547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2012.06.017

   Nosal, A. P., Keenan, E. A., Hastings, P. A., & Gneezy, A. (2016). The Effect of Background Music in Shark Documentaries on Viewers’ Perceptions of Sharks. Plos One, 11(8), e0159279. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159279

   O'Bryhim, J. (2011). The effects of public opinion on sharks: knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors towards sharks and shark conservation. Saarbrücken, LAP, Lambert Academic Publishing.

   Pepin-Neff, C. L. (2019). Flaws: Shark Bites and Emotional Public Policymaking (1st ed. 2019 edition). Palgrave Macmillan.

   Pepin-Neff, C. L., & Wynter, T. (2018). Reducing fear to influence policy preferences: An experiment with sharks and beach safety policy options. Marine Policy, 88, 222–229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.11.023

   Whatmough, S., Putten, I. V., & Chin, A. (2011). From hunters to nature observers: A record of 53 years of diver attitudes towards sharks and rays and marine protected areas. Marine and Freshwater Research, 62(6), 755–763. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF10142


Sharks in human culture

   Aich, R. S. (2021). The Kamot Ganga Puja: Sharks of Sundarban. Visual Ethnography, 10(1), Article 1. http://www.vejournal.org/index.php/vejournal/article/view/264

   Aich, R. S. (2021b). Jaws, old dwellings, and a mermaid: Meditations of a shark anthropologist on multimodality. Entanglements. https://www.academia.edu/65111053/Jaws_old_dwellings_and_a_mermaid_Meditations_of_a_shark_anthropologist_on_multimodality

   Akerman, K. (1995). The use of bone, shell, and teeth by Aboriginal Australians. Lubbock, Museum of Texas Tech University: Lubbock.

   Andersen, J. C. (2011). Myths and Legends of the Polynesians (Dover ed edition). New York: Dover Publications.

   Biancorosso, G. (2010). The Shark in the Music. Music Analysis, 29(1–3), 306–333. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2249.2011.00331.x

   Castro, J. I. (2013). Historical knowledge of sharks: ancient science, earliest American encounters, and American science, fisheries, and utilization. Marine Fisheries Review, 75(4), 1–26. https://doi.org/10.7755/MFR.75.4.1

   Cione, A. L. And Bonomo M. (2003). Great White Shark Teeth Used as Pendants and Possible Tools by Early-Middle Holocene Terrestrial Mammal Hunter-Gatherers in the Eastern Pampas (Southern South America). International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 13.

   de Borhegyi, S. F. (1961). Shark Teeth, Stingray Spines, and Shark Fishing in Ancient Mexico and Central America. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, 17(3), 273–296. https://doi.org/10.1086/soutjanth.17.3.3629046

   De la Puente Jeri, S. (2017). Characterizing the knowledge and attitudes towards sharks and the domestic use of shark meat and fins in Peru (University of British Columbia). https://doi.org/10.14288/1.0355844

   Hunt, C. (1981). Shark tooth and stone blade, Pacific island art from the University of Aberdeen. Aberdeen, University of Aberdeen.

   Jøn, A. A., & Aich, R. S. (2015). Southern Shark Lore Forty Years after Jaws: The Positioning of Sharks Within Murihiku, New Zealand. Australian Folklore, 30, 169–192.

   Kosuch, L. (1993). Sharks and shark products in Prehistoric South Florida. Monographs of the Institute of Archaeology and Paleoenvironmental Studies. Gainesville, University of Florida. 2: 1–52.

   Morey, S. (2002). The shark in modern culture: Beauty and the beast. Journal of undergraduate research 4.

Shark predation on humans (Shark attacks), biological perspective.

   Ahčan, U., Radonić, V., Militarov, A., & Leban, M. (2014). Treating a patient with lower limb injury from shark attack – a case report. Zdravniški Vestnik, 83(1).

   Byard, R. W., Gilbert, J. D., & Brown, K. (2000). Pathologic features of fatal shark attacks. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 21(3), 225.

   Byard, Roger W., James, R. A., & Heath, K. J. (2006). Recovery of human remains after shark attack. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 27(3), 256.

   Clua, E., & Séret, B. (2010). Unprovoked fatal shark attack in Lifou Island (Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia, South Pacific) by a great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 31(3), 281.

   Clua, E., & Séret, B. (2016). Species identification of the shark involved in the 2007 Lifou fatal attack on a swimmer: A reply to Tirard et al. (2015). Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2016.03.004

   Ihama, Y., Ninomiya, K., Noguchi, M., & Fuke, C. (2009). Characteristic features of injuries due to shark attacks: A review of 12 cases. Legal Medicine, 11(5), 219–225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2009.06.002

   Lentz, A. K., Burgess, G. H., Perrin, K., & Brown, J. A. (2010). Mortality and Management of 96 Shark Attacks and Development of a Shark Bite Severity Scoring System. The American Surgeon, 76(1), 101.

   Stock, M. K., Winburn, A. P., & Burgess, G. H. (n.d.). Skeletal Indicators of Shark Feeding on Human Remains: Evidence from Florida Forensic Anthropology Cases. Journal of Forensic Sciences. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/10997833/Skeletal_Indicators_of_Shark_Feeding_on_Human_Remains_A_Case_Study_from_the_Eastern_Coast_of_Florida

   Tirard, P., Maillaud, C., & Borsa, P. (2015). Fatal tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier attack in New Caledonia erroneously ascribed to great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 33, 68–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2015.04.011

Shark predation on humans (Shark attacks), ecological perspective.

   Amin, R., Ritter, E., & Kennedy, P. (2012). A geospatial analysis of shark attack rates for the east coast of Florida: 1994-2009. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology, 45(3), 185. https://doi.org/10.1080/10236244.2012.715742

   Amin, R., Ritter, E., & Wetzel, A. (2015). An Estimation of Shark-Attack Risk for the North and South Carolina Coastline. Journal of Coastal Research, 31(5), 1253–1259

   Brunnschweiler, J. (2015). Shark Attacks and Shark Diving. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, 26(2), 276–277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2014.11.002

   Chapman, B. K., & McPhee, D. (2016). Global shark attack hotspots: Identifying underlying factors behind increased unprovoked shark bite incidence. Ocean & Coastal Management, 133, 72–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2016.09.010

   Coadt, B. W., & Papahn, F. (1988). Shark attacks in the rivers of southern Iran. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 23(1–2), 131–134. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00000743

   Czerniak, C. M., & McDonald, J. (1993). Shark Attack. Science Scope, 17(2), 16–20.

   Gouk, C., Pasricha, D., & Lingathas, S. (2015). Shark attack: The emergency presentation and management. BMJ Case Reports; London, 2015. http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.canterbury.ac.nz/10.1136/bcr-2015-212380

   Hazin, F. H. V., & Afonso, A. S. (2014). Response: A conservation approach to prevention of shark attacks off Recife, Brazil. Animal Conservation, 17(4), 301–302. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12160

   Hazin, F. H. V., Burgess, G. H., & Carvalho, F. C. (2008). A Shark Attack Outbreak Off Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil: 19922006. Bulletin of Marine Science, 82(2), 199–212.

   Hazin, Fabio H. V., Burgess, G. H., & Carvalho, F. C. (2008). A Shark Attack Outbreak Off Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil: 19922006. Bulletin of Marine Science, 82(2), 199–212.

   James, P. (2015). Shark attacks in Sydney estuary. Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, 101(1), 45.

Lemahieu, A., Blaison, A., Crochelet, E., Bertrand, G., Pennober, G., & Soria, M. (2017). Human-shark interactions: The case study of Reunion Island in the south-west Indian Ocean. Ocean & Coastal Management, 136, 73–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2016.11.020

   Levine, M., Collier, R. S., Ritter, E., & Fouda, M. (2014). Shark Cognition and a Human Mediated Driver of a Spate of Shark Attacks. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 4(5), 263–269. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojas.2014.45033

   Luo, Y., Liu, Y., & Zhang, D. Y. (2015). Prediction the variation of shark scale’s attack angles in swimming. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 49(3), 295–302. https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-0555.2015.00088.6

   Meel, B. L. (2009). Shark attacks on the Transkei Coast of South Africa: A case report. African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine, 1(1), 135–136.

   Rolland, M., De Melo, E. H., Vieira, É. L. R., & De Oliveira, M. D. C. A. (2012). Environmental conditions associated with shark attacks against humans: A case report about territoriality. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 33(3), 265.

   Rtshiladze, M. A., Andersen, S. P., Nguyen, D. Q. A., & Grabs, A. (2011). The 2009 Sydney shark attacks: Case series and literature review. ANZ Journal of Surgery, 81(5), 345–351. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-2197.2010.05640.x

   Tirard, P., Maillaud, C., & Borsa, P. (2015). Fatal tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier attack in New Caledonia erroneously ascribed to great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 33, 68–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2015.04.011

Shark predation on humans (Shark attacks), cultural perspective.

   Chapman, B. (2017). Shark Attacks: Myths, Misunderstandings and Human Fear. Csirso Publishing. http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/canterbury/detail.action?docID=5148911

   Francis, B. (2012). Before and after “Jaws”: Changing representations of shark attacks. Great Circle: Journal of the Australian Association for Maritime History, The, 34(2), 44–64.

   Myrick, J. G., & Evans, S. D. (2014). Do PSAs Take a Bite Out of Shark Week? The Effects of Juxtaposing Environmental Messages with Violent Images of Shark Attacks. Science Communication, 36(5), 544–569. https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547014547159

   Neff, C., & Hueter, R. (2013). Science, policy, and the public discourse of shark “attack”: A proposal for reclassifying human–shark interactions. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 3(1), 65–73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13412-013-0107-2

   Pedro Barreiros, J., Gadig, O. B. F., & Haddad, V. (2015). In Reply to Shark Attacks and Shark Diving. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, 26(2), 277–278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2014.11.018

Human predation on shark (shark fishing and effect of Anthropocene)

Appleyard, S. A., White, W. T., Vieira, S., & Sabub, B. (2018). Artisanal shark fishing in Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea: Biomass estimation from genetically identified shark and ray fins. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 6693. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-25101-8

Barker, M. J., & Schluessel, V. (2005). Managing global shark fisheries: Suggestions for prioritizing management strategies. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 15(4), 325–347. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.660

Baum, J. K., Myers, R. A., Kehler, D. G., Worm, B., Harley, S. J., & Doherty, P. A. (2003). Collapse and Conservation of Shark Populations in the Northwest Atlantic. Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1079777

Blaber, S. J. M., Dichmont, C. M., White, W., Buckworth, R., Sadiyah, L., Iskandar, B., Nurhakim, S., Pillans, R., Andamari, R., Dharmadi, & Fahmi. (2009). Elasmobranchs in southern Indonesian fisheries: The fisheries, the status of the stocks and management options. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 19(3), 367–391. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11160-009-9110-9

Bonfil, R. (1997). Status of shark resources in the southern Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean: Implications for management. Fisheries Research, 29(2), 101–117. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(96)00536-X

Booth, H., Squires, D., & Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2019). The neglected complexities of shark fisheries, and priorities for holistic risk-based management. Ocean & Coastal Management, 182, 104994. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.104994

Braccini, M., Denham, A., O’Neill, M. F., & Lai, E. (2021). Spatial and temporal patterns in catch rates from multispecies shark fisheries in Western Australia. Ocean & Coastal Management, 213, 105883. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2021.105883

Brunnschweiler, J. M., & Ward-Paige, C. A. (2014). Shark fishing and tourism. Oryx, 48(4), 486–487. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605313001312

Carr, L. A., Stier, A. C., Fietz, K., Montero, I., Gallagher, A. J., & Bruno, J. F. (2013). Illegal shark fishing in the Galápagos Marine Reserve. Marine Policy, 39, 317–321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2012.12.005

Castro, J. I., Woodley, C. M., Brudek, R. L., & Nations, F. and A. O. of the U. (1999). A Preliminary Evaluation of the Status of Shark Species. Food & Agriculture Org.

Chaliluddin, M. A., Rianjuanda, D., Aprilla, R. M., Afriani, L., & Fachruddin, R. (2019). The business study of shark fishing with bottom longline in Kutaraja Fishing Port of Banda Aceh, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 348(1), 012090. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/348/1/012090

Chan A Shing, C., Fao, R., & Shotton, R. (1999). Shark fisheries in the Caribbean: The status of their management including issues of concern in Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and Dominica. Rome (Italy) FAO. http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X2098E/X2098E00.HTM

Chiaramonte, G. E. (1998). Shark fisheries in Argentina. Marine and Freshwater Research, 49(7), 601–609. https://doi.org/10.1071/mf97136

Chin, A., Kyne, P. M., Walker, T. I., & McAULEY, R. B. (2010). An integrated risk assessment for climate change: Analysing the vulnerability of sharks and rays on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef: Integrated risk assessment for climate change. Global Change Biology, 16(7), 1936–1953. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02128.x

Clementi, G. M., Babcock, E. A., Valentin-Albanese, J., Bond, M. E., Flowers, K. I., Heithaus, M. R., Whitman, E. R., Bergmann, M. P. M. V. Z., Guttridge, T. L., O’Shea, O. R., Shipley, O. N., Brooks, E. J., Kessel, S. T., & Chapman, D. D. (2021). Anthropogenic pressures on reef-associated sharks in jurisdictions with and without directed shark fishing. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 661, 175–186. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13607

Denti, L., Pirola, Y., Previtali, M., Ceccato, T., Della Vedova, G., Rizzi, R., & Bonizzoni, P. (2021). Shark: Fishing relevant reads in an RNA-Seq sample. Bioinformatics, 37(4), 464–472. https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btaa779

Dicken, M., Smale, M., & Booth, A. (2006). Shark fishing effort and catch of the ragged-tooth shark Carcharias taurus in the South African competitive shore-angling fishery. African Journal of Marine Science, 28(3–4), 589–601. https://doi.org/10.2989/18142320609504209

Doukakis, P., Hanner, R., Shivji, M., Bartholomew, C., Chapman, D., Wong, E., & Amato, G. (2011). Applying genetic techniques to study remote shark fisheries in northeastern Madagascar. Mitochondrial DNA, 22(sup1), 15–20. https://doi.org/10.3109/19401736.2010.526112

Drymon, J. M., & Scyphers, S. B. (2017). Attitudes and perceptions influence recreational angler support for shark conservation and fisheries sustainability. Marine Policy, 81, 153–159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.03.001

Dudley, S. F. J., Haestier, R. C., Cox, K. R., & Murray, M. (1998). Shark control: Experimental fishing with baited drumlines. Marine and Freshwater Research, 49(7), 653–661. https://doi.org/10.1071/mf98026

Dulvy, N. K., Simpfendorfer, C. A., Davidson, L. N. K., Fordham, S. V., Bräutigam, A., Sant, G., & Welch, D. J. (2017). Challenges and Priorities in Shark and Ray Conservation. Current Biology, 27(11), R565–R572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.04.038

Fahmi & Dharmadi. (2015). Pelagic shark fisheries of Indonesia’s Eastern Indian Ocean Fisheries Management Region. African Journal of Marine Science, 37(2), 259–265. https://doi.org/10.2989/1814232X.2015.1044908

Ferretti, F., Jacoby, D. M. P., Pfleger, M. O., White, T. D., Dent, F., Micheli, F., Rosenberg, A. A., Crowder, L. B., & Block, B. A. (2020). Shark fin trade bans and sustainable shark fisheries. Conservation Letters, 13(3), e12708. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12708

Fowler, S. L., Reed, T. M., & Dipper, F. (2002). Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management: Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia, July 1997. IUCN.

Francis, M. P. (1998). New Zealand shark fisheries: Development, size and management. Marine and Freshwater Research, 49(7), 579–591. https://doi.org/10.1071/mf97076

Gallagher, A. J., Hammerschlag, N., Danylchuk, A. J., & Cooke, S. J. (2017). Shark recreational fisheries: Status, challenges, and research needs. Ambio, 46(4), 385–398. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-016-0856-8

Gibson, K. J., Streich, M. K., Topping, T. S., & Stunz, G. W. (2019). Utility of citizen science data: A case study in land-based shark fishing. PLOS ONE, 14(12), e0226782. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226782

Gilman, E., Clarke, S., Brothers, N., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Mandelman, J., Mangel, J., Petersen, S., Piovano, S., Thomson, N., Dalzell, P., Donoso, M., Goren, M., & Werner, T. (2008). Shark interactions in pelagic longline fisheries. Marine Policy, 32(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2007.05.001

Glaus, K. B. J., Adrian-Kalchhauser, I., Burkhardt-Holm, P., White, W. T., & Brunnschweiler, J. M. (2015). Characteristics of the shark fisheries of Fiji. Scientific Reports, 5(1), 17556. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep17556

Godin, A. C., Carlson, J. K., & Burgener, V. (2012). The Effect of Circle Hooks on Shark Catchability and At-Vessel Mortality Rates in Longlines Fisheries. Bulletin of Marine Science, 88(3), 469–483. https://doi.org/10.5343/bms.2011.1054

Gonzalez-Pestana, A., Kouri J., C., & Velez-Zuazo, X. (2016). Shark fisheries in the Southeast Pacific: A 61-year analysis from Peru. F1000Research, 3, 164. https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.4412.2

Gordon, J. D. M., Fao, R., & Shotton, R. (1999). Management considerations of deep-water shark fisheries. Rome (Italy) FAO. http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X2098E/X2098E00.HTM

Guyomard, D., Perry, C., Tournoux, P. U., Cliff, G., Peddemors, V., & Jaquemet, S. (2019). An innovative fishing gear to enhance the release of non-target species in coastal shark-control programs: The SMART (shark management alert in real-time) drumline. Fisheries Research, 216, 6–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2019.03.011

Heard, M., Sutton, S., Rogers, P., & Huveneers, C. (2016). Actions speak louder than words: Tournament angling as an avenue to promote best practice for pelagic shark fishing. Marine Policy, 64, 168–173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2015.11.019

Heupel, M. R., Williams, A. J., Welch, D. J., Ballagh, A., Mapstone, B. D., Carlos, G., Davies, C., & Simpfendorfer, C. A. (2009). Effects of fishing on tropical reef associated shark populations on the Great Barrier Reef. Fisheries Research, 95(2), 350–361. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2008.10.005

Hoelzel, A. R. (2001). Shark fishing in fin soup. Conservation Genetics, 2(1), 69–72. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011590517389

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Shiffman, D. S., & Hueter, R. E. (2017). A United States shark fin ban would undermine sustainable shark fisheries. Marine Policy, 85, 138–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.08.026

Shiffman, D. S., Macdonald, C. C., Wallace, S. S., & Dulvy, N. K. (2021). The role and value of science in shark conservation advocacy. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 16626. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-96020-4

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Wagner, M. H. (1966). Shark Fishing Gear: A Historical Review. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries.

Walker, T. I. (1998). Can shark resources be harvested sustainably? A question revisited with a review of shark fisheries. Marine and Freshwater Research, 49(7), 553–572. https://doi.org/10.1071/mf98017

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Zhou, X., Booth, H., Li, M., Song, Z., MacMillan, D. C., Zhang, W., Wang, Q., & Veríssimo, D. (2021). Leveraging shark-fin consumer preferences to deliver sustainable fisheries. Conservation Letters, 14(6), e12842. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12842


Shark tourism and effect on sharks

Anderson, D. J., Kobryn, H. T., Norman, B. M., Bejder, L., Tyne, J. A., & Loneragan, N. R. (2014). Spatial and temporal patterns of nature-based tourism interactions with whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) at Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 148(Journal Article), 109–119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2014.05.023

Becerril‐García, E. E., Hoyos‐Padilla, E. M., Micarelli, P., Galván‐Magaña, F., & Sperone, E. (2019). The surface behaviour of white sharks during ecotourism: A baseline for monitoring this threatened species around Guadalupe Island, Mexico. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 29(5), 773–782. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.3057

Bradley, D., Papastamatiou, Y., & Caselle, J. (2017). No persistent behavioural effects of scuba diving on reef sharks. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 567(Generic), 173–184. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12053

Bromilow, M. (2014). Feeding behaviour of white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) around a cage diving vessel and the implications for conservation. Thesis, University of Michigan.

Bruce, B. (2015). A review of cage diving impacts on white shark behaviour and recommendations for research and the industry’s management in New Zealand. Department of Conservation, New Zealand.

Bruce, B. D., & Bradford, R. W. (2013). The effects of shark cage-diving operations on the behaviour and movements of white sharks, Carcharodon carcharias, at the Neptune Islands, South Australia. Marine Biology, 160(4), 889–907. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-012-2142-z

Bruce, B., & Bradford, R. (2012). The effects of shark cage-diving operations on the behaviour and movements of white sharks, Carcharodon carcharias, at the Neptune Islands, South Australia. Marine Biology, 160. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-012-2142-z

Brunnschweiler, J. (2015). Shark Attacks and Shark Diving. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, 26(2), 276–277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2014.11.002

Brunnschweiler, J. M., Payne, N. L., & Barnett, A. (2018). Hand feeding can periodically fuel a major portion of bull shark energy requirements at a provisioning site in Fiji. Animal Conservation, 21(1), 31–35. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12370

Clua, E., Buray, N., Legendre, P., Mourier, J., & Planes, S. (2010). Behavioural response of sicklefin lemon sharks Negaprion acutidens to underwater feeding for ecotourism purposes. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 414(Journal Article), 257–266. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps08746

Fitzpatrick, R., Abrantes, K. G., Seymour, J., & Barnett, A. (2011). Variation in depth of whitetip reef sharks: Does provisioning ecotourism change their behaviour? Coral Reefs, 30(3), 569–577. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-011-0769-8

Gallagher, A. J., Vianna, G. M. S., Papastamatiou, Y. P., Macdonald, C., Guttridge, T. L., & Hammerschlag, N. (2015). Biological effects, conservation potential, and research priorities of shark diving tourism. Biological Conservation, 184, 365–379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.02.007

Hammerschlag, N., Gallagher, A. J., Wester, J., Luo, J., & Ault, J. S. (2012). Don’t bite the hand that feeds: Assessing ecological impacts of provisioning ecotourism on an apex marine predator: Ecological impacts of shark ecotourism. Functional Ecology, 26(3), 567–576. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2012.01973.x

Hammerschlag, N., Gutowsky, L. F. G., Gallagher, A. J., Matich, P., & Cooke, S. J. (2017). Diel habitat use patterns of a marine apex predator (tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier) at a high use area exposed to dive tourism. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 495, 24–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2017.05.010

Huveneers, C., Rogers, P. J., Beckmann, C., Semmens, J. M., Bruce, B. D., & Seuront, L. (2013). The effects of cage-diving activities on the fine-scale swimming behaviour and space use of White Sharks. Marine Biology, 160(11), 2863–2875. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-013-2277-6.

Huveneers, C., Watanabe, Y. Y., Payne, N. L., & Semmens, J. M. (2018). Interacting with wildlife tourism increases activity of white sharks. Conservation Physiology, 6(1), coy019. https://doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coy019

Laroche, R. K., Kock, A. A., Dill, L. M., & Oosthuizen, W. H. (2007). Effects of provisioning ecotourism activity on the behaviour of White Sharks Carcharodon carcharias. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 338, 199–209. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps338199

McKeon, M. G., & Drew, J. A. (2019). Community dynamics in Fijian coral reef fish communities vary with conservation and shark-based tourism. Pacific Conservation Biology, 25(4), 363. https://doi.org/10.1071/PC18045

Meekan, M., & Lowe, J. (2019). Does provisioning for tourism harm whale sharks at Oslob? A review of the evidence and reply to Ziegler et al. (2018). Tourism Management, 75(Journal Article), 626–629.

Smith, K. R., Scarpaci, C., Scarr, M. J., & Otway, N. M. (2014b). Scuba diving tourism with critically endangered grey nurse sharks (Carcharias taurus) off eastern Australia: Tourist demographics, shark behaviour and diver compliance. Tourism Management, 45, 211–225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2014.05.002

Thomson, J. A., Araujo, G., Labaja, J., McCoy, E., Murray, R., & Ponzo, A. (2017). Feeding the world’s largest fish: Highly variable whale shark residency patterns at a provisioning site in the Philippines. Royal Society Open Science, 4(9), 170394. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.170394

Shark tourism and effect on humans

Apps, K., Dimmock, K., & Huveneers, C. (2018). Turning wildlife experiences into conservation action: Can white shark cage-dive tourism influence conservation behaviour? Marine Policy, 88, 108–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.11.024

Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., & Huveneers, C. (2016). In the Water with White Sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): Participants’ Beliefs toward Cage-diving in Australia. Anthrozoös, 29(2), 231–245. https://doi.org/10.1080/08927936.2016.1152714

Apps, K., Lloyd, D., & Dimmock, K. (2015). Scuba diving with the grey nurse shark (Carcharias taurus): An application of the theory of planned behaviour to identify divers beliefs. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 25(2), 201–211. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2430

Beaumont, N. (2001). Ecotourism and the conservation ethic- recruiting the uninitiated or preaching to the converted? Tour, 9(4), 317–341.

Cagua, E. F., Collins, N., Hancock, J., & Rees, R. (2014). Whale shark economics: A valuation of wildlife tourism in South Ari Atoll, Maldives. PeerJ, 2(Journal Article), e515. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.515

Catlin, J., Jones, T., & Jones, R. (2012). Balancing commercial and environmental needs: Licensing as a means of managing whale shark tourism on Ningaloo reef. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(2), 163–178. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2011.602686

Cisneros-Montemayor, A. M., Barnes-Mauthe, M., Al-Abdulrazzak, D., Navarro-Holm, E., & Sumaila, U. R. (2013). Global economic value of shark ecotourism: Implications for conservation. Oryx, 47(3), 381–388. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605312001718

Colangelo, J. (2015). Diving Beneath the Surface: A Phenomenological Exploration of Shark Ecotourism and Environmental Interpretation from the Perspective of Tourists. Thesis, Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa. http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-4232

Cubero‐Pardo, P., Herrón, P., & González‐Pérez, F. (2011). Shark reactions to scuba divers in two marine protected areas of the Eastern Tropical Pacific. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 21(3), 239–246. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.1189

Dicken, M. L., & Hosking, S. G. (2009). Socio-economic aspects of the tiger shark diving industry within the Aliwal Shoal Marine Protected Area, South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(2), 227–232. https://doi.org/10.2989/AJMS.2009.

Dobson, J. (2007). Jaws or Jawsome? Exploring the shaek-diving experience. 5th International coastal and marine tourism congress., Auckland, New Zealand, New Zealand tourism research institute, AUT university.

Gallagher, A. J., & Hammerschlag, N. (2011). Global shark currency: The distribution, frequency, and economic value of shark ecotourism. Current Issues in Tourism, 14(8), 797–812. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2011.585227

Gallagher, A. J., & Huveneers, C. P. M. (2018). Emerging challenges to shark-diving tourism. Marine Policy, 96, 9–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.07.009

Garla, R. C., Freitas, R. H. A., Calado, J. F., Paterno, G. B. C., & Carvalho, A. R. (2015). Public awareness of the economic potential and threats to sharks of a tropical oceanic archipelago in the western South Atlantic. Marine Policy, 60, 128–133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2015.06.012

Gore, M. L., Muter, B. A., Lapinski, M. K., Neuberger, L., & Heide, B. van der. (2011). Risk frames on shark diving websites: Implications for global shark conservation. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 21(2), 165–172. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.1171

Huveneers, C., Meekan, M. G., Apps, K., Ferreira, L. C., Pannell, D., & Vianna, G. M. S. (2017). The economic value of shark-diving tourism in Australia. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 27(3), 665–680. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11160-017-9486-x

Morton, B. (2013). The Beginners Guide to shark diving. Sport Diver, 21(7), 36–47.

Myrick, J. G., & Evans, S. D. (2014). Do PSAs Take a Bite Out of Shark Week? The Effects of Juxtaposing Environmental Messages with Violent Images of Shark Attacks. Science Communication, 36(5), 544–569. https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547014547159

Nazimi, L., Robbins, W. D., Schilds, A., & Huveneers, C. (2018). Comparison of industry-based data to monitor white shark cage-dive tourism. Tourism Management, 66 (Journal Article), 263–273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2017.12.002

Pedro Barreiros, J., Gadig, O. B. F., & Haddad, V. (2015). In Reply to Shark Attacks and Shark Diving. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, 26(2), 277–278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2014.11.018

Pratt, S., Pratt, S., & Suntikul, W. (2016). Can Marine Wildlife Tourism Provide an “Edutaining” Experience? Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 33(6), 867–884. https://doi.org/10.1080/10548408.2015.1069778

Preez, M. D., Dicken, M., & Hosking, S. G. (2012). The Value of Tiger Shark Diving Within the Aliwal Shoal Marine Protected Area: A Travel Cost Analysis. South African Journal of Economics, 80(3), 387–399. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1813-6982.2011.01292.x

Richards, K., O’Leary, B. C., Roberts, C. M., Ormond, R., Gore, M., & Hawkins, J. P. (2015). Sharks and people: Insight into the global practices of tourism operators and their attitudes to Shark behaviour. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 91(1), 200–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.12.004

Smith, K., Scarr, M., & Scarpaci, C. (2010). Grey Nurse Shark Diving Tourism: Tourist Compliance and Shark Behaviour at Fish Rock, Australia. Environmental Management, 46(5), 699–710. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-010-9561-8

Sutcliffe, S. R., & Barnes, M. L. (2018). The role of shark ecotourism in conservation behaviour: Evidence from Hawaii. Marine Policy, 97, 27–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.08.022

Techera, E. J., & Klein, N. (2013). The role of law in shark-based eco-tourism: Lessons from Australia. Marine Policy, 39, 21–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2012.10.003

Thorson, T. B. (1982). The Impact of Commercial Exploitation on Sawfish and Shark Populations in Lake Nicaragua. Fisheries, 7(2), 2–10. https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8446(1982)007<0002:TIOCEO>2.0.CO;2

Topelko, K. N., & Dearden, P. (2005). The Shark Watching Industry and its Potential Contribution to Shark Conservation. Journal of Ecotourism, 4(2), 108–128. https://doi.org/10.1080/14724040409480343

Torres, P., Bolhão, N., Tristão da Cunha, R., Vieira, J. A. C., & Rodrigues, A. dos S. (2017). Dead or alive: The growing importance of shark diving in the Mid-Atlantic region. Journal for Nature Conservation, 36, 20–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2017.01.005

Vianna, G. M. S., Meekan, M. G., Pannell, D. J., Marsh, S. P., & Meeuwig, J. J. (2012). Socio-economic value and community benefits from shark-diving tourism in Palau: A sustainable use of reef shark populations. Biological Conservation, 145(1), 267–277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.11.022

Zemah Shamir, Z., Zemah Shamir, S., Tchernov, D., Scheinin, A., & Becker, N. (2019). Shark aggregation and tourism: Opportunities and challenges of an emerging phenomenon. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 26(5), 406–414. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504509.2019.1573769

Ziegler, J. A., Silberg, J. N., Araujo, G., Labaja, J., Ponzo, A., Rollins, R., & Dearden, P. (2018). A guilty pleasure: Tourist perspectives on the ethics of feeding whale sharks in Oslob, Philippines. Tourism Management, 68(Generic), 264–274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.04.001

Ziegler, J., Dearden, P., & Rollins, R. (2012). But are tourists satisfied? Importance-performance analysis of the whale shark tourism industry on Isla Holbox, Mexico. Tourism Management, 33(3), 692–701. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2011.08.004

Shark conservation

Baum, J. K., et al. (2003). Collapse and Conservation of Shark Populations in the Northwest Atlantic. Science: 299- 389.

Compagno, L. J. V., & Cook, S. F. (1995). The exploitation and conservation of freshwater elasmobranchs: Status of taxa and prospects for the future. Journal of Aquariculture and Aquatic Sciences.

Cunningham-Day, R. (2001). Sharks in Danger: Global shark conservation status with reference to management plans and legislation. Parkland, FL USA, Universal Publishers.

Dulvy, N. K., Simpfendorfer, C. A., Davidson, L. N. K., Fordham, S. V., Bräutigam, A., Sant, G., & Welch, D. J. (2017). Challenges and Priorities in Shark and Ray Conservation. Current Biology, 27(11), R565–R572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.04.038

Gelsleichter, J., Manire, C. A., Szabo, N. J., Cortés, E., Carlson, J., & Lombardi-Carlson, L. (2005). Organochlorine Concentrations in Bonnethead Sharks (Sphyrna tiburo) from Four Florida Estuaries. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 48(4), 474–483. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-003-0275-2

Muter, B. A., Gore, M. L., Gledhill, K. S., Lamont, C., & Huveneers, C. (2013). Australian and U.S. News Media Portrayal of Sharks and Their Conservation: Media Portrayal of Sharks. Conservation Biology, 27(1), 187–196. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2012.01952.x

O’Bryhim, J. R., & Parsons, E. C. M. (2015). Increased knowledge about sharks increases public concern about their conservation. Marine Policy, 56, 43–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2015.02.007

O’Connell, C. P., Andreotti, S., Rutzen, M., Meÿer, M., Matthee, C. A., & He, P. (2014). Effects of the Sharksafe barrier on white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) behavior and its implications for future conservation technologies. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 460, 37–46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2014.06.004

Simpfendorfer, C. A., & Kyne, p. M. (2009). Limited potential to recover from overfishing raises concerns for deep-sea sharks, rays and chimaeras. Environmental Conservation; Cambridge, 36(2), 97–103. http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.canterbury.ac.nz/10.1017/S0376892909990191

Simpfendorfer, C. A., Heupel, M. R., White, W. T., & Dulvy, N. K. (2011). The importance of research and public opinion to conservation management of sharks and rays: A synthesis. Marine and Freshwater Research, 62(6), 518–527. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF11086

Tsoi, K. H., Chan, S. Y., Lee, Y. C., Ip, B. H. Y., & Cheang, C. C. (2016). Shark Conservation: An Educational Approach Based on Children’s Knowledge and Perceptions toward Sharks. PLoS ONE, 11(9). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163406


Multispecies approach

Gibbs, L. (2020). Agency in human–shark encounter. Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space, 2514848620929942. https://doi.org/10.1177/2514848620929942

Bear, C. (2011). Being Angelica? Exploring individual animal geographies. Area, 43(3), 297–304. Retrieved from JSTOR.

Bear, C. (2013). Assembling the sea: Materiality, movement and regulatory practices in the Cardigan Bay scallop fishery. Cultural Geographies, 20(1), 21–41.

Bear, C., & Eden, S. (2011). Thinking like a Fish? Engaging with Nonhuman Difference through Recreational Angling. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 29(2), 336–352. https://doi.org/10.1068/d1810

Hammerton, Z., & Ford, A. (2018). Decolonising the Waters: Interspecies Encounters Between Sharks and Humans. Animal Studies Journal, 7(1), 270–303.

Hughes, H. (2011). Humans, sharks and the shared environment in the contemporary eco-doc. Environmental Education Research 17(6): 735-749.

Schneider, K. (2013). Pigs, Fish, and Birds: Toward Multispecies Ethnography in Melanesia. Environment & Society, 4, 25–40. Retrieved from JSTOR.

Aich, R. S. (2021c). Cage less diving with white sharks, a multispecies perspective. Academia Letters. https://www.academia.edu/50405690/Cage_less_diving_with_white_sharks_a_multispecies_perspective

Aich, R. S. (2022). Iridescent skin, White Sharks and Caged Humans; an Ethnographic Exploration of Great White Shark Cage Diving in New Zealand. Niyogi Books.

Martin, J. A. (2011). When Sharks (Don’t) Attack: Wild Animal Agency in Historical Narratives. Environmental History, 16(3), 451–455. https://doi.org/10.1093/envhis/emr051


Shark social interaction

Brown, C. (2018). The social lives of sharks ProQuest. Australasian Science, 39(2). Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.canterbury.ac.nz/docview/2007002812?pq-origsite=summon

Gruber, D. M. & Krause, J. S. H. (2018). Are some sharks more social than others? Short- and long-term consistencies in the social behavior of juvenile lemon sharks. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology; Heidelberg, 72(1), 1–10. http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.canterbury.ac.nz/10.1007/s00265-017-2431-0

Guttridge, T. L., Gruber, S. H., Krause, J., & Sims, D. W. (2010). Novel Acoustic Technology for Studying Free-Ranging Shark Social Behaviour by Recording Individuals’ Interactions. PLoS One; San Francisco, 5(2), e9324. http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.canterbury.ac.nz/10.1371/journal.pone.0009324

Guttridge, T. L., Myrberg, A. A., Porcher, I. F., Sims, D. W., & Krause, J. (2009). The role of learning in shark behaviour. Fish and Fisheries, 10(4), 450–469. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-2979.2009.00339.x

Guttridge, T. L., van Dijk, S., Stamhuis, E. J., Krause, J., Gruber, S. H., & Brown, C. (2013). Social learning in juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris. Animal Cognition, 16(1), 55–64. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10071-012-0550-6

Jacoby, D. M., P, Fear, L. N., Sims, D. W., & Croft, D. P. (2014). Shark personalities? Repeatability of social network traits in a widely distributed predatory fish. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology; Heidelberg, 68(12), 1995–2003. http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.canterbury.ac.nz/10.1007/s00265-014-1805-9

Mourier, J., Vercelloni, J., & Planes, S. (2012). Evidence of social communities in a spatially structured network of a free-ranging shark species. Animal Behaviour, 83(2), 389–401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.11.008

Marine monster

Cama, N. (2012). Object of the week: The horrors of the deep. Australian National Maritime Museum. https://www.sea.museum/2012/05/01/object-of-the-week-the-horrors-of-the-deep

Cousteau, J. Y. & P. Diolé (1973). Octopus and squid: the soft intelligence [by] Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Philippe Diole. Translated from the French by J.F.Bernard. London Book, Cassell.

Trout, P. A., & Ehrenreich, B. (2011). Deadly Powers: Animal Predators and the Mythic Imagination. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.


Significant books looking at holistic perspectives

Bhana, M. (2000). “White Shark” The Nature of the Beast. Retrieved from https://www.nzgeo.com/video/white-shark-the-nature-of-the-beast/

Budker, P. & P. J. P. Whitehead (1971). The life of sharks. New York, Columbia University Press.

Cerullo, M. M., & Rotman, J. L. (2000). The Truth about Great White Sharks. Chronicle Books.

Cousteau, J.-M., & Richards, M. (1992). Cousteau’s Great White Shark (First Edition edition). New York: Harry N Abrams Inc.

Domeier, M. L. (Ed.). (2012). Global Perspectives on the Biology and Life History of the White Shark (1 edition). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Ebert, D. A., et al. (2013). Sharks of the world: a fully illustrated guide. Plymouth, UK, Wild Nature Press.

Ebert, D. A., Fowler, S., & Dando, M. (2015). A Pocket Guide to Sharks of the World (Poc edition). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Ferreira, C. (2011). Great White Sharks on their best behavior. Middleton & Strauss.

Ferreira, C. A. (2011). Great White sharks on their best behavior: An adventure and guide into the world of Jaws. Amazon Digital Services, Inc, Middleton & Strauss.

Klimley, A. P. (2013). The Biology of Sharks and Rays. Chicago; London: University of Chicago Press.

Skomal, D. G., and Caloyianis, N. (2008). The Shark Handbook: The Essential Guide for Understanding the Sharks of the World (1 edition). Kennelbunkport, Maine: Cider Mill Press.

Knowledge system approach in shark knowledge

Gibbs, L., & Warren, A. (2015). Transforming shark hazard policy: Learning from ocean-users and shark encounter in Western Australia. Marine Policy, 58, 116–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2015.04.014\

Crawford, S. (2017). White Pointer Chronicles. White Pointer Chronicles. https://www.whitepointer.cloud/


Do get in touch if you would like to comment on the organization of the resources and/or add new literature in the resource.